Parliamentary Librarianship in Sierra Leone


The Sierra Leone Parliament library, the official repository of the records of Parliament, is responsible for the collection, organization and dissemination of bibliographic materials and information to further the work of the legislation. The Parliament, which houses the library, is situated at the summit of Tower Hill, on the second floor. It was opened on the eve of the country’s Independence day,26th April 1961. The proximity of the library to the Chamber ensures that its existence and services are brought close to parliamentarians and parliamentary administrators.

The extent and complexity of government activities create a need for the widespread dissemination of information about those activities and for popular interpretation of government policy. Invariably the over-riding aim of the library is the provision of information that will enable parliamentarians, parliamentary administrators and support staff to carry out their duties effectively. Its objectives are:

o The provision of information and knowledge resources vital to parliamentarians and parliamentary administration in the performance of their daily functions.

o To serve as archives for parliamentary and other vital government publications.

o To acquire materials from parliaments in other countries that may be of benefit to parliamentarians and parliamentary administrators for routine operations.

Provisions and management

In line with these aims and objectives the library has a small collection of stock on Philosophy, Sociology, Political Science, Economics, Law, Military Administration and History. Also included are Bills, Acts, Order papers and notices, Hansard/Parliamentary debates, State Opening programmes, Presidential addresses, Budget speeches, chronicles of Parliamentary elections and developments, Parliamentary debates of the House of Commons and Lords of Britain, dating back to the colonial period, Indian Parliamentary debates and similar ones from Tanganyika (Tanzania), Gold Coast (Ghana), Nigeria and Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), and materials from Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the Commonwealth. In addition is a collection of reference works such as encyclopedias, dictionaries, directories, parliamentary handbooks, yearbooks, public notices, protocols and treaties. These materials are acquired by purchase, donation, exchange, and deposit, especially by the Government Printing Department responsible for the printing of all government publications in the country. The materials are classified and arranged according to Dewey Decimal Classification Scheme (19th Edition).

A Librarian, an Assistant Librarian and a few clerical staff man the library. The Librarian is responsible to the Clerk of Parliament, the chief administrator and vote controller, and overall head of the unit. The functions of the Librarian, in addition to administering the library, include the compilation of bibliographies and reading lists, literature searching, summarizing facts and published information, and obtaining information from government departments. The Assistant Librarian performs such duties as acquisition, classification and cataloguing of materials, answering reference queries, writing correspondence, shelving and the general supervision of support staff. He also computes the parliamentary index to all parliament papers and debates, the public bill index and then international affairs index with references taken from the daily and periodical press, government notices and Commissions of Inquiry index. These indexes are cumulated and reproduced photographically. Government mainly financially supports the library.

The Sierra Leone Parliament Library clientele are mainly parliamentarians and parliamentary administrators. The library also extends its services to university lecturers and students, public officials and visitors. It has a readership of over five hundred (500). The library is open from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00p.m. from Monday through Friday and is closed during weekends and public holidays. It offers reference and lending services to its clientele as part of its book services. To enable a user to loan materials a request form is issued for completion. Up to three books can be loaned for two weeks. Users can renew their books for a further two weeks, provided no other users request for them. However, materials like reports, conference proceedings, parliamentary Acts, debates and gazettes are not loaned but only consulted in the library. The library has an Author/Title and Classified catalogue.


Staff in the Reader Service and Reference Desk handle all reference enquiries. Reference services are provided in three ways: individually to parliamentarians in response to a request for a ‘brief’ on any subject connected to their official duties; the preparation of general ‘background papers’ of previous debates, especially when an MP was absent and need an overview of what was discussed; and ad hoc services to Committees of the House.

To compliment the stock provision in the library current awareness services and selective dissemination of information services are provided on a modest scale. The current awareness service involves the provision of the latest periodical articles, reports and documents corresponding to specific topics of each member interest. A photocopying service of desired publications such as news features from the files of recent press clippings, reports and content pages of required materials is also done. There is also a telephone service for both internal and international calls. In order to meet the challenges of ICTs computers have been installed in the library with Internet facility. As a way of preserving and conserving the collection library staff frequently fumigate the collection while the Assistant Librarian does repairs on damaged materials. Worn out materials are taken to the Government Printing Department for mending. To help clientele use the library user education is given together with shelf guides.

Not withstanding the provisions and services in the library problems abound which serve as challenges to the staff. Notable are inadequate staff, poor working conditions, inadequate and obsolete collection, inadequate and untimely funding, non-performance of a survey to assess the needs of users and the lack of a collection development policy. Little wonder why trained and qualified staff are hardly retained to run the library. It is however hoped that the current Parliament will revive the situation.


Sierra Leone Parliament Library manual, 1986 (Unpublished)

Single Parents Earning College Degrees Online

Getting an education is one of the most important values we learn in this age. Not only is a college degree reputable socially, but economically. With a degree you can get a better paying job and likely live comfortably with less stress. Many single parents are thinking of going back to school, but most don’t have the time to dedicate to the school life. Making time for work, children and getting to campus can be almost impossible and definitely discouraging. With a college degree online, you have the convenience of studying at home.

How to Enroll in College Degree Online

The process of enrolling in a college online is quite simple. Many colleges offer a link to an application page where you can fill out your information. Once this is completed, you’ll speak with a school representative about the course you’ve picked and answer questions you may have. It is best to speak with the admissions department before enrolling to ensure that it is the right online degree for you. Most college websites allow you to view the course catalogs to see exactly what you’ll be learning and what books you’ll need.

It is important to take a look at the requirements for the online degree programs offered by the colleges. You want to ensure that your internet and computer specs meet the minimum requirements (hard drive space, internet speed, computer memory ram, resolution and sometimes certain software). Studying online means logging into a website and using their interface, so you’ll want to make sure that your educational experience is the best possible.

Benefits of Online Degree

Besides the ability to study from home, getting an online degree is beneficial in many ways. It’s convenient and sometimes much more affordable. More colleges are offering e-books instead of text books, so this is less money that you’ll have to spend. E-books are a lot cheaper than text books and sometimes the rates for the e-books are included in your tuition.

Since there are more and more single parents enrolling in a college degree online, there are scholarships and financial aid specifically for single parents, which mean more money for your education. There’s really no reason why single parents shouldn’t attend an online degree program. If you’ve had your eye on a specific school, but live too far from its physical campus, check to see if they offer online degrees.

Speak with different schools to see if they offer a degree program that you’re looking to enter into. Soon you could be on your way to getting a higher education to better take care of you and your family.

Financial Education Services Review

Financial Education Services also known as FES is headquarter in Farmington Hills, MI and has approximately 200 plus employees worldwide. The majority of the services offered by FES are proprietary products developed by FES. There are as well some partnerships most notably, LifeLock the number 1 provider of identity theft protection.

The founders of this company, Mike Toloff and Parimal Naik come from a very successful background relating to the financial services industry and over the last 9 plus years have taken what was once an operation ran from a small back room in a shopping mall to a state of the art facility with representation across the country

Financial Education Services Products

Today’s market place demands products that will not only help consumers reenter the market place but as well help to educate them on important factors related to financial literacy that were never taught during formal educational years.

It is this combination of products, service and education that has helped FES to become a powerhouse in the market place today and what separates them from there competition. When you educate your customer base you have a potential for not only referral business but as well retention of existing clients.

Financial Education Services products consist of Credit Restoration, Positive Credit Building, Pre-Paid MasterCard, Wills and Trusts and the inclusive FES Protection Plan Membership that includes previous mentioned services along with DebtZero (Debt Pay-off System) and My Financial Lockbox.

Financial Education Services Business Model

The business model or distribution of these financial services is delivered through a network of independent distributors or what FES refers to as “Agents”. Agents are compensated for the sale of these products and also have the ability to build teams of agents and receive overrides and bonuses based on their team production.

The business model is a form of MLM or as more commonly referred to as Network Marketing. The unique thing about the FES model as that agent’s can opt to simply sell the products and not participate in the team building aspect of the business although to maximizes the compensation plan you will want to participate in both sales of products as well as team building.

Is Financial Education Services Right for You

Well let’s examine the facts; it is estimated that over 50 million Americans have less than a 599 credit score (Sub-Prime Credit), 90% of the population does not have a will and trust combination, the average consumer household debt is approximately 20K with no plan in place to pay it off and identity theft is the fastest growing crime in America. With that being said, it’s almost a certainty that most people know someone that can use the services that Financial Education Services provides.

The most likely candidates for the FES business opportunity are professionals in the financial services industry such as mortgage brokers and Real Estate professionals. There has also been a recent surge in interest from the insurance industry.

This opportunity just like any other home based business is great for anybody looking to enter the network marketing industry. There are no license requirements for the agents since FES is licensed and bonded in all 50 states including Puerto Rico.

The bottom line is if you’re the type of persons that needs the services offered by FES, will to sharing products that can benefit others or enjoy working from home than the Financial Education Services opportunity could be right for you.

Tips To Be a Successful Online Learner

Online Learning is a total new experience in of its own type. Keeping few things in mind, you can enjoy learning online to its fullest. In this piece of writing I’ll share some important tips that will surely help you in your journey of e-learning.

o Find out the institution that gives you best  education  for your money. There are websites on the internet that compare the pricing of different institutions. Thus giving you a better choice.

o Check the accreditations FIRST! An extremely important task it is. Never keep it aside. Give it first priority.

o Improve your writing skills. Practice to communicate via writing effectively. Writing, or shall I say typing is the most important skill an online learner must possess. Your tutor assesses you by the words you have typed out to him. Feel comfortable at expressing yourself in writing.

o Have an open mind. Be ready to accept diversities. Learn to share experiences with fellow students. Remember it is not important that your fellows in a course be from your own territory, they may be from some where opposite in the globe.

o Keep a strict check on yourself. On one hand where online  education  facilitates you with ease at studying when free, on the other hand it may make you lazy. Make a timetable for yourself and follow it strictly.

o Set aside 4-5 hours, preferably more, daily for study. Then only would you get good grades.

o Learn to communicate problems with your instructors. An instructor won’t know you are facing a problem in learning or understanding something unless and until you speak up to him and tell him about it.

o Never take online  education  as an easy way to get  education . The marking criteria, course, assignments and exams are all the same as in traditional colleges. They are not at all easier so never take them lightly or your grades would suffer.

o Try turning your mentality towards critical thinking. This way you’ll enjoy what you study.

o Instead of using internet from cafe’s or some other place. it is better you save some money and buy a computer and get a DSL internet connection. This way you will have access to the internet whenever you wish and will not have to worry about speed problems. A DSL connection solves it all for you.

o While studying online, mostly assignments and questions given by the instructors are based on critical thinking. The answers are always easy, but never jump to conclusions. Sit back, relax, think and answer the questions even if you have a 24 hour submission quiz.

o Complete assignments at least a day before the given deadlines. Don’t wait till the last hour. Make a habit to complete at the earliest possible instance. Emergencies never knock!

o Communicate with your fellow course mates. You will get versatile ideas.

o Keep aside some space where you can sit and study daily for a few hours without any interruption.

o Be a strong believer in the merits of online  education . Never hesitate to advocate it in a group decision.

o Make a routine to log on to your learning management system daily or at least every alternate day.

o Be polite in discussions. Never taunt. Be rational and reasonable in your arguments.

o Finally apply whatever you learn in your daily life. Try and implement it practically.

A Definition of Leadership for College Bound Students

Parents can really stress over the topic of leadership in their child’s profile. Some put too much emphasis on it. Others try to ignore it. Most don’t know exactly what it means.

It is true that top colleges are looking for leaders who can take full advantage of the opportunities a good college will give them. In fact, some of the more technical schools place a premium on recruiting leaders since most of their students tend to be science types with little interest in traditional leadership. However, schools don’t fill their whole class with leaders (they are also looking for humanitarians, go-getters, entrepreneurs, all-star athletes, etc.). So relax. Your child doesn’t need to be student body president to have a shot at a great college. Interestingly enough though, students in these other categories often have leadership qualities such as: drive, desire to fix problems, motivation, the ability to think outside the box, and the gift of understanding and managing people.

Today I’d like to simply define the term “leadership.” After 30 years as a Leadership Coach and a lifetime of functioning in leadership capacities, I am often tickled by what people call leadership. Let’s set the record straight:

Volunteering is not leadership – Now, volunteering is valuable because it does help children see what leadership entails so that it is a natural progression as they work their way up the ladder. Just don’t mistake any voluntary job as leadership.

Going to a leadership conference is not leadership – It can be an honor or award if your student was selected out of a competitive field. It can be counted as enrichment and can certainly be beneficial, but doesn’t belong on a resume under “Leadership.”

Being a member of a group is not leadership – It’s wonderful that your student went with the youth group to paint someone’s house or on a mission trip. However, unless they organized part of the event or were responsible for something on their own, we don’t call it leadership.

You don’t have to be elected or hold a title to be a leader – Many people mistakenly think their students have to be a part of an organization to ever function as a leader. Nothing could be further from the truth. Kids who care deeply about something can transform into leaders overnight, just by virtue of their passion. Others are willing to follow someone with vision. In fact, this type of leadership is almost always more valuable, to the student’s growth AND their college application, than traditional forms of leadership. You just have to be careful that it is explained well for scholarships and college applications. There is nothing I enjoy more than helping students learn how to present this is the best possible light.

Here’s my definition of leadership:

Leadership is assuming responsibility for the outcome of a meeting, event, or project. It can be elected or assumed. Being a member of a group is not being a leader, being responsible to carry something out is.

The Importance of a Higher Education

Looking back, it’s easy to identify why education was important for me, and it’s easy to explain why it’s important for you. The key question to answer is: can you see why it’s important? Sometimes that’s difficult, especially when you’re facing it or going through it. Years of education can seem like a lifetime of effort. Often school can be tedious, and there are many more entertaining things to do than sit in a classroom. Nevertheless, instead of viewing your school work as a lifetime of effort, think of it as an investment of a lifetime – an investment in you and your lifetime.

Take it from someone who made a good decision to work hard and obtain a high school diploma, then a Bachelor of Science degree from the local university, education is a key to success. More specifically, an education provides opportunities for upward and lateral mobility.

Of course there were distractions to deal with at school, like entering the workforce and earning money, chasing the opposite gender, and hanging out with friends, but thankfully I kept my sights set on graduating, and never veered off course. And, I’ve never regretted my resolve or the effort it took to achieve my educational goals.

Here are six good reasons why you should make the most of the time you spend in school. This isn’t an exhaustive list by any means, but it’s a good start, and should be more than sufficient to convince you to rededicate yourself to a good education as a wise investment in you – an investment that can’t be taken away and goes with you throughout your life.

1. Whether it’s high school or college level classes, your interest and performance will help point you in a general direction of a career path. Your aptitude is uncovered by more than just a few tests. Often it’s shown in your skill and level of participation in various classes. If I followed the interests that my aptitude tests indicated back when I was in high school, I’d be a forest ranger right now, looking forward to another 12 years of work before I retired. Instead, I early retired five years ago after running my own consulting business for just seven years.

2. Education helps you become a more well-rounded individual by exposing you to different ideas and learning how to apply them at least in a limited way. For the most part, education helps you be a generalist in many areas, and a specialist if you study in a particular area of interest. Without a broad education, you might have a very limited life where for most things brought to your attention, your response could very well be, “I don’t know anything about that.” Opportunities in life will come your way much more readily if you at least have sufficient interest in an issue, concept, technology, activity or event to know something about it.

3. One result of a good education is the ability to define a problem and formulate a solution. You’ll be faced with a multitude of decisions and problems in your life, and a good education will arm you with a range of tools for finding solutions. Many textbooks provide examples based in everyday life where concepts and problem solving skills can be applied to help us make decisions and draw conclusions. If we aren’t armed with the ability to problem solve, then we must rely on others to do so. Solving problems ourselves helps make us stronger individuals, whereas relying on others simply makes us a dependent.

4. Participation in higher education shows a “can do” attitude – something that is very important for employment in the “professional” sector. It’s usually not especially challenging to make it through high school, but those who position themselves for college or the university, while in high school, and then press on with bettering themselves through higher education, are usually individuals who have confidence in themselves and are achievement oriented. What employer wouldn’t be interested in someone who is confident and oriented towards achievement?

5. A solid education with favorable results in terms of performance is a way of “getting your ticket punched.” In other words, some employers won’t consider candidates unless they have a certain level of education or a specific course of study. Other employers won’t consider candidates unless they have an acceptable level of performance in their school work. So, you can see that employers often look at education as a type of “proving ground” for their prospective employees.

6. Higher paid careers demand technical training and specialized education, and this can pay rewards over the long haul in the form of a lucrative position in a career field. The old cliche of “marry a doctor or a lawyer” isn’t just something that someone made up because it sounded good. Doctors and lawyers are quite often highly paid and highly respected people in our communities. The same can be said for engineers, architects, scientists and many other professionals who have invested in specialized training and education for themselves. There is no guarantee that you’ll make high income and gain the respect of the world by having a higher education, but it’s certainly helps shift the odds in your favor, and what could be wrong with that?

So, there you have it – six good reasons to make the most out of your educational opportunities. It may be difficult when you’re young to see why education is so important. That’s understandable. There are so many more immediate and competing interests. Nevertheless, it’s too late when you’re passing through the prime of your life to go back for a re-do in terms of education. That’s not to say that it can’t be done, but it’s so much more difficult to do.

Therefore, if you find yourself on a chair in a classroom, make the most of your time while you’re in a good position to do so. Once you start down your career path, you’ll be glad that your formal education is behind you, because you’ll have plenty of challenges with respect to on-the-job training and continuing education as you move through your working years.

My youthful planning had me graduating high school and attending the university. There was no question in my mind that higher education was a “must,” and I wasn’t going to start my career without it. As it turned out, I chose well, and wouldn’t do anything different if given the opportunity to turn back the hands of time. Choose well and have yourself a happy outcome as well – choose education, for it’s likely to be the wisest investment you’ll ever make in and for yourself.

Online Legal and Paralegal Training Schools

There are a number of accredited online schools and colleges that offer training for those looking to obtain a degree in the legal and paralegal field. Paralegals, also known as lawyer assistants are responsible for a variety of tasks like researching, preparing documents, meeting with clients, and taking notes. Students who choose to enroll in an online educational program will prepare for careers in law, criminal justice, and more. Online educational options include certificates as well as associates, bachelors, and master’s degrees.

Associate level degrees are available through a number of online educational programs. An associate’s degree will provide students with the skills necessary to work in a law office or courthouse. Students can train for the career they desire in as little as two years or continue  education  to earn a higher degree in legal and paralegal studies. An online degree at this level will take approximately 60 credit hours or four full time semesters to complete. Curriculum may include the study of legal research, administrative law, criminal law, contracts, legal analysis, and more. Students can continue their  education  with enrollment in a bachelor’s degree program.

With a bachelor’s degree program students can obtain an  education  in just four years. Length of study will consist of 120 credit hours or eight full time semesters. Online schools provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to obtain a bachelors degree and career in the legal and paralegal profession. Bachelor’s degree holders can find employment in corporate law departments, private law firms, law enforcement agencies, state and federal government agencies, and more. Online course study may consist of learning to research legal issues, draft and summarize legal documents, prepare pleadings, interview clients, and more. An online bachelor’s degree program will prepare student for study at a master’s level.

An accredited online master’s degree program allows students to obtain knowledge in a variety of areas. A master’s degree in legal and paralegal studies will consist of an additional year of  education . Online curriculum may include the study of corporate law, legal research and writing, litigation, government law, international law, and intellectual property law. With a masters degree students will have the training to consider becoming attorneys. Certificate programs can also be completed online after obtaining a masters degree if students choose to obtain specialized  education .

Students can choose to obtain certification either before or after completing a degree program. Certificates can be earned in specialized areas that legal and paralegal professionals need knowledge of to further their skills. Certificates can take anywhere from a couple months to one year to complete. Students can choose to obtain a certificate in areas like corporate and property law, environmental law, international law, alternative dispute resolution, and more.

Degrees and certification can allow students to start their careers in areas such as corporate legal departments, law firms, and state and federal government agencies. Students who wish to obtain the career training necessary for employment in these areas can do so with an accredited online  education  in legal and paralegal studies. Students interested in a career in this field can prepare by enrolling in a number of accredited online schools and colleges.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at

Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved by

How to Teach Homeschool Sex Education

In the 9 years I have lived in the city, this is the first year I have seen bunny in the neighborhood. Until this year. In the spring I saw my first. Then another about a week later. Now I see a several a day, sometimes needing to avoid hitting them when I back the car out of the garage. In fact, did you know that a group of rabbits is called a herd? I have noticed something about bunnies. They reproduce like rabbits! And that reminds me… Have you taught your children the Facts of Life?

I asked my sons what was their favorite books that taught them sex education. The both had the same feedback. They both enjoyed the book “Preparing for Adolescence” by James Dobson. My husband would take one child each week to ice cream. They would discuss a small section of the book while having ice cream together. These “dad dates” became a very big deal in our family, and over the years really helped us communicate.

But teaching your children not to reproduce like rabbits is not something you teach just once. The concept of respect and marriage is something that we returned to often. Here are some of the other things we used.

Passport to Purity

Originally intended to be a weekend away with a pre-teen, we had to adjust it to fit our family. We would have liked to do this curriculum the “right” way, but it just did not fit in our schedule. Instead, my husband taught this curriculum to my boys when I was away for a homeschool convention. I prepared all the crafts and activities in advance, so he did not have to do any of the planning. While I was gone, he read the workbook and did all the learning activities with my boys together. It was very effective!

These are important discussions to have with your teenagers. Do not let these things go unsaid! Be proactive and talk with them. If you do not talk to your teens they will assume a lot of things, but they would not really know how you feel about the issues they face. Using a book can help you to guide your discussions. As a nurse I know there are few things more important than these discussions about reproduction. This is an important subject, and you do not want your kids doing what the rest of the herd is doing!

Insurance – Continuing Education Classes

The whole concept of insurance is that of continuing education. Unless an insurance advisor is seriously in touch with the subject and the changing regulations, he cannot suggest the right kind of a policy to his customers. And customers’ expectations also change with time!

That is the exact reason why the government has put in a law that all insurance advisors should attend a mandatory training session for a stipulated number of hours each year. Since the laws change from state to state, we can’t be specific about it – but it generally is around 20-25 hours a year. In that, there is one session which is compulsory – Insurance Ethics; and when you think about it, that is a seriously good condition to have been put into the regulation code. Insurance is such a sector in which there is so much of competition that it is quite tempting for people to skip the little ethics which are mostly in unwritten form. So each year, when there is a brush up on the ethics front, there is a conscience which pricks us from inside when we cross the line.

Insurance continuing education classes have become easy with the online version that has come into existence in the recent years. No longer do people need to head down to an insurance training centre and look for a slot in which they prioritize and attend classes to complete the fixed number of hours as per the code. They can just log on to some website which is certified by the board, and update their insurance education online itself. If you are a busy person (as most insurance people are) you would normally not like to spend time at an institute, that too during working hours.

Online, you can finish the required number of training hours at your convenience – whether it is at night or during the day. Even weekends are fine, if you have a computer based session!

Then comes the biggest advantage – unlike at your local training institutes, there is no compulsion that the same sets of training modules need to be taken each year. There are so many new modules which are added year on year, and the amount of knowledge which can be gained in insurance continuing education online is immense! There is absolutely no limit to what can be learned at these sessions. If you have not seen the modules online yet, head down to a recognized training portal and you will sure be amazed!

Insurance continuing education classes have come a long way. Some states used to not even require such training and some still do not. It is very important to stay ahead of the competition whether that means knowing the news insurance laws and regulations, learning new sales practices, or even learning about new product offerings to your current and future clients. If a client trusts you on being the expert, you better not disappoint them, or your friendly insurance agent down the road will make sure to fill your shoes in an instant. It is also important to gain their trust and receive referrals. You would be surprised on how many successful agents work strictly on referrals.

Greece Ancient Olympia

In antiquity, when the fame of a sanctuary spread beyond its immediate borders, it was believed that not only the sanctuary, but also its athletic competitions, were founded by gods and heroes and that they were the first to have taken part in the competitions. The beginnings of the Olympic games are lost, deep in the mists of time, but the myths concerning their foundation are many and varied and reflect the religious beliefs of the different peoples who inhabited the area.

One myth names the founder of the games as Heracles Idaeus, who came from Crete with his brothers, the Curetes, and organized a race with a wild olive branch as the prize. Another dominant tradition was that the competitions were organized by Pelops, son of Tantalus, after having beaten Oenomaus in a chariot race. According to other myths, the competitions were established by Zeus after he had beaten Cronus at wrestling, or by Apollo after he had beaten Hermes in a race and Ares in a boxing match. There is also a legend which says that the founder of the competitions was Clymenus of Crete, a descendant of Heracles Idaeus, and another declaring that the competitions were established by Heracles, the famous son of Alcmene. Diodorus informs us that after the end of the Argonautic expedition, Heracles suggested to the leaders and heroes who were preparing to return home that they should vow that if any of them needed help in the future, the others would come to their assistance, and that they should choose a prominent place somewhere in Greece and establish there competitions in honour of Zeus Olympius. The leaders delegated Heracles who chose the site of Olympia which was devoted to Zeus. He established horse races and gymnastic competitions, defined the prizes and the rules of the competitions and sent Theoroi (official representatives of the competition committee) to announce them in the towns.

The peaceful landscape of Olympia hosted the worship of many deities who followed, one after the other, embracing various mythological traditions which are now long forgotten in the depths of time. The data from excavations and mythological study show that the first inhabitants of this area made offerings to a female deity, Gaia, the wife of Uranus. Her sanctuary, the Gaion, was located at the southern foot of the Hill of Cronus which, as the name indicates, was devoted to Cronus, a god of Cretan origin. At the same time, besides Gaia, other gods were also prominently worshipped in the area: Cronus, Rhea, Themis and Heracles Idaeus, the sanctuaries of whom may have been gathered at the foot of the Hill of Cronus. One more important god or demon of the Eleans was Sosipolis, who had a temple in Olympia where he was honoured together with Eilithyia. He was a snake-like divinity who seems to have been very respected, as the Eleans were accustomed to invoking him as the guardian of oaths. alicevbheatherta alicevbheatherta aliceananabinar aliceananabinar katherinehjjudith katherinehjjudith Agustus stable Edu